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Anti-utopian Truth in the Novel 1984

Anti-utopian Truth in the Novel 1984

Anti-utopian Truth in the Novel 1984

Anti-utopian Truth in the Novel 1984

Any person who has read the book Utopia needs to examine this Utopian world using a different perspective. To do this, one can compare it to its literary opposite as described in the Anti- utopian truth found in the novel titled 1984 by George Orwell. The overwhelming spread of army literature in the 20th century provided readers with a great abundance of publications to keep reading these subjects. Some writers take both advantages and disadvantages sides of the armed forces states. They can also factor activities into going over the political truths of their times. Amongst them, George Orwell composed a book that showed the future that is relevant for all centuries and all political powers. The Book 1984 (published in 1949 right after World War II) discuss a character that has to survive under the pressures of an overbearing government.

Throughout the whole story, Orwell depicts a hard-to-detect fight between the individual and the system. The Book is rather dark, heavy and gloomy. Under enormous pressure, the protagonist of the story betrays his love, confesses that 2 +2 is 5 and glorifies his oppressors. He can’t manage an added step, action or look– Big Brother is viewing him. The viewers can get frightened perusing the book– however not reading it will leave all of us callous to the prospective dangers of this world.

Make no Mistake

It would certainly be erroneous to presume that 1984 makes a specific reference in the direction of one well-known social totalitarian state that no longer exists. The resistance to injustice mattered before USSR showed up, it is still pertinent in many scenarios today and will still matter regardless of how autonomous and liberal our society claims to be. That’s why 1984 was, is and will be the desk buddy for lots of readers throughout the world.

Main Characters and Roles of 1984

Before one delves into the analysis of the main characters, it is good to appreciate this salient fact.  That the reader encounters Anti-utopian Truth in the Novel 1984 as it paints a future world of three continents, Oceania, Eastasia and Eurasia. The characters of the book each offer extremely details roles and objectives in the text, so let’s first briefly explore what the 1984 publication has to do. The book talks about a feasible situation for the development of the world. After several bloody wars and revolutions, the combatants partition the Planet into 3 major states named Oceania, Eurasia, and Eastasia. Their alfa governments remain in constant conflict with each other.

Totalitarian leaders need Such nonstop conflicts to sidetrack the focus of the population. The latter need diversions from poor interior public administration and dreadful living conditions of the countries. Much more importantly, the existence of the conflict enables the government to completely manage the residents of the states.

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Winston Smith Character Analysis

In one of such “superstates”, specifically Oceania, lives the protagonist of the book. He is 39, he is slim and has a somewhat undesirable mien on his face. A worker of the Ministry of Truth, Winston Smith serves the government institution that works day and night to rewrite the past and ruin the facts that are undesirable by the government. Every day Winston changes the past with his very own hands and makes it meet the new standards devised by the ruling party.

Along with altering the past, the Ministry of Truth likewise functions relentlessly to promote the values and mantras of the county’s political elite. Seeing such truth tailoring and past elimination on a daily basis, Mr Smith can’t help yet question whether what is taking place is right.

His spirit grows a seed of uncertainty and doubt and that induces him to begin composing a diary. This diary is the only thing that hears what Winston considers his work, his life and his government, it marks the start of his protest.
The lead character has to be really careful and do the writing in full privacy, concealing from other people and tools. As pointed out in Part 1 Chapter 1, his television is not only a tool to feed him proper information, it also spies on him:

“The telescreen received and transmitted simultaneously. Any sound that Winston made, above the level of a very low whisper, would be picked up by it, moreover, so long as he remained within the field of vision which the metal plaque commanded, he could be seen as well as heard”.

Everything he writes in his diary is a crime of course and qualifies for capital punishment.

Big Brother Character Analysis

Big Brother is the supreme ruler of Oceania. He has absolutely no tolerance for individualism or diversity and absolutely no need for pluralism of points of view. He also has a network of Spies and tools set up in the nation to make certain that every step of his residents is observed, and controlled and can be tamed if required. The Spies love him and the Party:

Part 1, Chapter 2“The songs, the processions, the banners, the hiking, the drilling with dummy rifles, the yelling of slogans, the worship of Big Brother — it was all a sort of glorious game to them.”

It’s impossible to do something privately in Oceania: all the houses are made of glass, all walls have surveillance and wiretapping, and the Thought Police monitors every step of every citizen. Nevertheless, there is a difference in how Big Brother treats particular classes of its residents. For instance, for their love affair, Winston and Julia often pick secret places for dating, such as the countryside or various other locations where generally low-class labour employees hang around due to the fact that the state does not employ much safety and security there. The low-class employee is thought to have less tendency for thinking and hence is treated as a lower-risk population.

Big Brother is the supreme leader of Oceania, he is like a God and the ultimate objective is to please him. All the mistakes and technicalities of Big Brother or the Party are merely rewritten just like the papers. His photos are anywhere, all the mottos are authorized by his name. He is the only source of information, faith and adoration in Oceania.

O’Brien Character Analysis

O’Brien is an undercover agent of the Party. He privately helps the Thought Police trying to find individuals who are thinking of rebellion. He is well-behaved, reserved, and has a solid body. Besides, he deliberately pretends to oppose the party and Big Brother. His role is similar to that of Mephistopheles in Faust, he is the agent of the evil one.
O’Brien is both a character and a concept in the book. He invades the dreams and provokes Smith to believe that he doesn’t share Party concepts, he constantly presses Smith to give birth to his unspoken inner conflict. Finally, when Smith and

Julia is set, he uses them to join the rebel activity. Later O’Brien will personally supervise the torture of his capturers, slowly killing any kind of traces of personalities or thinking in them.

Emmanuel Goldstein Character Analysis

Emmanuel Goldstein was when a leader of the Party that brought it to power. He is currently in exile and stands for the only opposition readily available. He established a company “Brotherhood” that is announced by the Party to be the Enemy of individuals. Actually, nobody understands for sure whether the organization really exists and what it does. Goldstein is an imaginary magnet for potential resistance, he serves the purpose of bringing all those that protest the Party under one roof to be destroyed then.

The Party spends a lot of effort to openly relay the hate clips concerning Goldstein and the Brotherhood simply to offer bait for those that are looking for allies to foment a rebellion.

Anti-utopian Truth in the Novel 1984 -Emmanuel Goldstein and  2 minutes hate

Anti-utopian Truth in the Novel 1984 -Emmanuel Goldstein and  2 Minutes hate

The Party invests a good deal of effort to publicly relay the hate clips about Goldstein and the Brotherhood in order to offer bait for those who are looking for allies to compose disobedience.

Tom Parsons Character Analysis

Tom Parsons and his wife Mrs. Parsons live next door to Winston. He is a polar opposite of Smith, he subscribes to the Party ideas blindly and never doubts Oceania even for a second. He is dedicated to the war against other states and will do everything he can to contribute to Oceania’s success.

Actually, he brought up a daughter who is equally as intense and loyal to Oceania as her parents are. One day she betrays her daddy by reporting to the Thought Police that Parsons talked terribly of Big Brother in his sleep. To aggravate the paradox much more, Orwell makes Tome exceptionally pleased with his daughter for “doing the right thing “.

Julia Character Analysis

Julia is another protagonist of 1984. She is 26, she likewise helps the Ministry of Truth in the Fiction Department. It is Julia who composes novels portraying the success of her nation and its leader. She is rather knowledgeable sexually and is known to seduce Party members. Julia is instinctive, not very rational, and illogical, with great deals of untamed desire and power. She is courageous and far more adventurous than her lover Smith. In fact, she is the one that outlines her feelings to Winston and takes him outside of town.

It’s hard to specify the nature of Julia’s and Winston’s connection because they are the only beings with a soul depicted in this book. So it makes good sense that they discovered each other and grew fond of each other. Would

they have really felt as fond of each other if there were other choices offered– who knows? Most importantly, the main point Orwell makes is that in such a tyrannical government as Oceania, locating people who think and have their own point of view is a very unusual thing.

Julia’s sex-related and emotional flexibility is her method to protest against the strict order of her nation. She wishes to put her energy into love, emotions, memories and enjoyment, except for the glorification of Big Brother and Oceania. And it only makes the reader much more distressed when in the end she caves in under the tortures of O’Brien and states in Part 3 Chapter 6:

“You think there’s no other way of saving yourself, and you’re quite ready to save yourself that way. You want it to happen to the other person. Actually, You don’t give a damn what they suffer. All you care about is yourself”.

Mr Charrington Character Analysis

Mr Charrington is the owner of a thrift shop in a parole district. Proles are the majority of the Oceania population who are not part of the Inner Party(those who rule) or Outer Party(those who serve the rulers) and are considered unable of thinking or becoming a risk to the government. Nevertheless, in Part 1 Chapter 7 Winston expressed his opinion in the diary that proles could rebel eventually and take the Party down:

” If there is hope, it lies in the proles”.

Winston purchases his diary from Mr. Charrington and that notes the start of Winston’s trip into critical reasoning and rebellion. Later on, Winston will rent out a bedroom upstairs over the shop to cavort with Julia there.

Winston counts on Mr Charrington since he holds on to the past (second-hand products) and therefore keeps the past undamaged when Oceania is doing every little thing it can to change or destroy the past. At some time, Winston also thinks that Mr Charrington belongs to the Brotherhood. However, as it turns out, he is an informant of the Police and spies on everything Winston and Julia do in his shop.

Anti-utopian Truth in the Novel 1984 -Charlington

Anti-utopian Truth in the Novel 1984 -Charlington

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Full Summary

After the Second World War, a civil war broke out in Great Britain, which result in it being occupied by a new superstate– Oceania. The people of Oceania live under the policy of an ideology of one Party. The leader and impersonification of that Party is a leader called Big Brother.

The Party is divided right into the Inner Party (the 2% of the ruling population), Outer Party (the 13% that apply their policies) and the others, which are called proles and do not have any kind of point of view or relevance whatsoever. However, not all participants of the Outer Party are in total concurrence with the Party’s ideology. Winston Smith benefits the Ministry of Truth and is beginning to question the Party’s right to rule and tell him what to do. But he comprehends that there’s nobody with whom he can share his conflicts. So he shares his ideas in a diary, which is also quite an unsafe point to do.

Smith Notices Julia’s Affection

Eventually, Smith notifications that his associate Julia is paying a lot of focus to him. Initially, he is afraid that she busted him and will hand him over to the Thought Police. However, after time he locates a love note from her. They start a secret relationship that is banned by the government. They hide and dream about a revolution. Smith believes that their connection will not finish well– such experiences between men and women are strictly outlawed in Oceania.

Anti-utopian Truth in the Novel 1984 -Julia by Suzanna Hamilton and John Pain

Anti-utopian Truth in the Novel 1984 -Julia by Suzanna Hamilton and John Pain


At some point, they meet a representative of a real revolutionary movement, O’Brien, who provides a book on the philosophy of the upcoming rebellion. While perusing books in the county they rented out for dating, the Thought Police busted the couple the so-called revolution movement agent was only a set-up of Big Brother to locate and eliminate prospective rebels.


The Torture of Julia and Winston

The government puts behind bars Julia and  Winston and tortures them cruelly. They cave in under the torture and betray each other. In the end, both Winston and his ex-beloved Julia shower accolades on the majesty and powerfulness of Big Brother and genuinely believe that their country is doing wonderful. The Thought Police manages to “heal” Winston from his revolutionary thoughts. Initially, Smith assumes that he gave up Julia and his freedom to avert the torment, but once he is released, he understands that he is currently the best man who genuinely believes in Big Brother and the Party ideologies.

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1984 Theme 1: War.

The author composed his dystopian classic in 1948 and he simply alters the last 2 digits of the year when calling his book. The very first theme that exists in the text is the war– 1948 is the time after one of the most significant misfortunes in human history, Second World War, and the moment when the world watched in horror the introduction of two superpowers– the United States and

USSR. In spite of the victory and defeat of the fascist motion, individuals, tired of the loss and tragedy WW2 brought about, really felt defenceless when it pertained to the conception of possible World War 3. The danger was in the air, the exhaustion remained in the minds, and the fear was in the nightmares that were obeyed by nearly everyone around the globe. 1984 was among the many armed forces literature items greatly perusing one of the feasible circumstances that will happen.

In 1984 there are 3 states– two of which are allied, while the 3rd is an enemy. The alliances transform routinely and yesterday’s ally can turn into an opponent tomorrow. The war and conflict give Oceania a powerful reason to neglect the lack of food, ever-present surveillance and other social conflicts. The war is a guarantee of internal order in Oceania—how can a devoted resident threaten his very own nation when they are at war with an external opponent?

1984 Theme 2: Control.


Dictatorship and the right of any kind of institution or any kind of given individual to exercise control over people was a hot subject for conversation towards the completion of the 20th century. The thing is that there are individuals that don’t like to make decisions since with decisions made comes obligation. So they welcome others to make decisions for them and the wider society approves it as their right to use predefined options. But the detailed exposition of such readiness to allow others to make your choices can turn into a hazardous overcontrolling net. Oceania did not appear in a single day, some processes caused it to be what we now know it. In 1984 Orwell specifies what consequences can the war between authoritarian states have and how easy it is to convert to tyranny “for the greater good of the society”.

The citizens of Oceania remain in absolute unity with their state: if they are adhering to the state, they have absolutely nothing to bother with, nothing to hide, absolutely nothing to think of. They are the state, and the state goes to battle– so when Oceania wins the war, they will win also. The control chain is eternal.

1984 Theme 3: Mind Control via Newspeak language.


The frustrating control over social life was enhanced with another theme heavily checked out by Orwell– the production of a new language for Oceania called Newspeak. The new English Socialism belief established by the ruling Party was enforced through the invention of its own language, where each word and grammatical rule were thoroughly handpicked. When the events in the book took place, the new language was in the procedure of being presented: it showed up in the newspapers and party members would not miss a possibility to insert an expression or more in their speeches. Newspeak was intended to have actually entirely changed Oldspeak (the normal English language understood and spoken today and in the 1980s) by 2050. That would mean one more victory for Oceania over individuals’ minds and freedoms.

1984 Theme 4: New and enhanced truth.

To maintain the society in place and make sure the nation is not disrupted and stays concentrated on the war with another state, the workers of the Ministry of Truth change the information. Each day they revise the newspapers of the other day, backdate them and put them back into daily circulation.

The modified truth principle is likewise revealed in the fact that Winston is not really that good of a character. He wants to be able to think and to love, yet the truth is that he is also a wicked character: he used to swipe food from his mother and siblings, and he escaped from home. And the readers aren’t certain whether he regrets doing it or not.

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Symbolism in 1984

Absurdness and  Сontradictions

The symbolism in 1984 rejects and parodies all the common ideas in life. Everything is the opposite in Oceania: The Ministry of Love abuses Winston and eventually makes him betray Julia, and the Ministry of Truth lies to the people of Oceania daily. The War of Freedom, the freedom is enslavement, lack of knowledge is bliss– Oceania accomplished such a high standing in the society that it could determine what individuals will believe. There is no place for a reason or important thinking, the battle is peace and two times two is five. The ultimate freedom for Orwell’s personality is being able to really feel safe (on the condition that no reason or thinking is involved) and that there is absolutely nothing to conceal, everything is public.

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Television is represented in the novel as a “smart” gadget that was spying on all Oceania residents. It was a tool that incorporated both functions: a tv that shows pictures and a video camera that documents and sends photos to the Thought police. In 1984 telescreen ended up being a symbol of absolute propaganda and overall control, lack of personal privacy. Interestingly, only a few proles had a telescreen (since they present a low-class rebellion danger), and the party members had a button that could switch off the display for no more than half an hour daily.

The Memory Hole

Winston’s job was about transforming the information to ensure that it matched the truth that Oceania desired its citizens to see. In his workplace, there were three holes in the wall. for notes on adjustments that needed to be made, for papers that needed to be edited and for recycling of all the materials. They were called “memory holes” as icons of ways to destroy and modify the memories of countless individuals. Memory holes are also signs of the convoluted communication channels Oceania used to teach its citizens.

Big Brother

There was one well-known face that appeared on countless propaganda products (posters, TV clips, papers and etc.). These products convinced people how excellent Oceania was and also supplied a message that “he is watching” everybody at all times. It’s a message of hope (the nation will attain greatness eventually) and desperation (Big Brother watches you 24/7). Big Brother is a symbol of Oceania’s nationwide program. He is an idol, a person that gained enormous power not due to his leadership potential, but because of Oceania’s inhumane treatment of its citizens.

2 +2= 5.

Winston needed to admit to this famous Mathematical equation when the Thought Police tortured him. This is the icon of a vibrant false declaration that society approves socially in society.  Moreover, a totalitarian ideological history uses it to control its subjects.

Winston’s Varicose Abscess.

The clinical problem that bothers Winston represents his oppressed feelings and

desires. It is an external expression of his internal discomforts. From one point of view, varicose ulcer is a sign of Smith’s sexual desire which Oceania forbids one to show in Oceania. On another hand, it’s a mark of Winston’s dissatisfaction with what is going on around him.  It could also mean a visible physical effect of living under total control.

The Red-armed Singing Prole Woman.

The female from a low-class worker class (prole) is a symbol of potential rebellion. Winston believed that the proles would rebel one day and the hope for Oceania to reclaim its civic freedoms lies with the proles. Her female capability to deliver is an icon that an idea can be born within proles’ minds. Furthermore, new generations can see the world without the control of Big Brother.

1984 is a book that will live forever. It will reverberate with readers from various nations, histories, and political views. It is a treatise for government managers on how to force obedience from its people. It’s also a vibrant demo for people of how the government can make them do everything. It’s a terrifying but actual tale, harsh however mind-blowing. It also transforms the way we treat our fundamental rights and civil liberties. This book aids us to appreciate what we have. It illuminates the possibility to pick close friends, loving the people we consider attractive and doing what we like doing. Other activities include thinking, talking, and making decisions in our lives.

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