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Benefits and Consequences of Technology

 

Please respond to the following: The discussion questions gave please produce 200 words about each numbered question. please place answers under each bullet point. In Addition, a response must be given back (100 words) to the other students Michael Brown and Barbara Tallent. offering a substantive comment on that classmate’s position on the issue(s).

Benefits and Consequences of Technology

As Hite and Seitz (2016) discuss in Chapter 8: Technology, technological advancements and changes may affect how we can work to find solutions for the global threats discussed so far. Technological advances can and do affect development in positive and negative ways.

  1. Besides biotechnology, identify one technology that seems to have the greatest potential positive effect on food security. Discuss any potential negative uses of that technology.
  2. Do the benefits of these technologies outweigh the potential negative consequences they have on food security? Why or why not?

Michael Brown

Hello class, most of the world’s hungry people live in Sub-Saharan Africa. Poverty and conflict are the biggest reasons for hunger in Africa, but there are water shortages, no or little government support, soil erosion, and deforestation in some areas. Undernourishment, death, stunted growth are a few results from hunger. Currently, much of the food we consume is made from biotechnology.

The crops that have been genetically modified can withstand climate changes, have fewer nutrients to grow, no pesticides against bugs, and are either modified through modern techniques or artificially selected. Manufacturing uses biomaterials for soap, laundry detergent, plastics, fuels, and cosmetics. Most of your cotton clothes use some form of biotechnology.

But, the most significant area that biotechnology is utilized is in the science/medical fields. Whether biotechnology is helping cure diseases, slow down Alzheimer’s, or altering genes that cause disease, this technology improved the life expectancy of people. Finally, while benefits seem endless, biotechnology has risks too that could pose health issues and others related to enhancing biotechnology for evil.

The risks to biotechnology include unintended consequences like scientists at the CDC being exposed to Anthrax, Ebola, and the flu. Another unintended consequence is that any of the deadly things mentioned previously get released into the public. With the possible release to the public, that leads us to the most significant risk and that is weaponizing biotechnology.

Creating a biohazard or dirty bomb with any of the major diseases to release over the enemy or people in general. Some of the diseases include anthrax, botulism, hemorrhagic fever, black plague, smallpox, typhoid, and yellow fever. With the new gene-editing techniques, the risk for bioweapons is increasing at an alarming rate. Furthermore, the release of research material has raised a risk because people may start building bioweapons in their homes since some forms do not need a special lab.

I believe that developing countries should continue to expand their biotechnology fields, but there must be some layers of protection. For instance, the CDC works with the deadliest bugs on the planet, but cures and other research performed on them should be classified or protected so the research does not get into the public hands. Biotechnology for medicine and food should continue because that may help with hunger and find cures for different diseases and birth defects. Finally, with biotechnology, people who need transplants for organs may receive a bioengineered one which may eliminate the waiting list if scientists can create a suitable match to human organs.