Guidelines of Writing an MLA Paper Format 

Guidelines of Writing an MLA Paper Format 

The Modern Language Association (MLA) is the group in charge of designing the MLA format. That said, it was designed to provide a standardized way for writers, teachers, and scholars in the literature and language fields to format their papers and assignments. This consistent method of developing a document or task makes it easy to read.  MLA is now used in subjects other than literature and language; several others have adopted it as well.

In April 2016, the Modern Language Association published the eighth and most recent edition of their MLA Handbook.  It is important to point out that the Handbook contains extensive citation guidance as well as recommendations for submitting work that meets the Modern Language Association’s rules and standards. Even though we are not associated with the MLA, our citation specialists have compiled this thoughtful and comprehensive guide on the format.

MLA Paper

MLA Paper

The Header – Format

  • Firstly, start one inch from the top of the first page and end one inch from the left margin.
  • Secondly, on separate lines, write your name, your instructor’s name, the course number, and the date, with double spaces between each.
  • Thirdly, double-space again and center the word. The title should not be underlined, bolded, or typed in all capital letters. Italicize only words that are usually italicized in the text.
  • Finally, do not have time after the title or any headings.
  • There should be a double space between the title and the first lines of text.

General Paper Format

  • Although many teachers, educators, and publications accept electronic submissions, others prefer hard copies of papers to be printed. This section discusses the form of paper that should be used for printed submissions.
  • Additionally, if you decide to print your paper, please use white paper. Use no ivory, off-white, or other shades or colors.
  • Also, to print your project, choose a normal, high-quality paper. The cardstock should not be used. The use of resume paper is not needed. Make use of standard, high-quality printers or copy paper.
  • Lastly, in terms of dimension, 8 12 by the 11-inch paper is recommended. If you choose to use a different size, please consult with your instructor before submitting your work.


Use One Inch Margins in MLA

Use one-inch margins around the page. In the one-inch margin, the running head should be the only thing visible.

Also, the margins of most word processing applications are set to one inch by design. To find the margin height, go to the program’s page settings.


Click Classroom Essays for more information if your professor demands that you use 7th edition guidelines for your work cited page.


In MLA, paragraphs should be indented.

In each paragraph, indent the first word. Note that sentences should start half an inch from the left margin.

Also, it is not appropriate to measure half an inch by hand. To make a half-inch space, press the “tab” key on your keyboard.

In MLA, double-space the paragraphs.

MLA research paper format includes double-spaced lines in the research paper or MLA format essay. Lines should be double-spaced between the written body of the job, in the heading, and on the MLA reference list.

Although it may be tempting to add a few extra lines between the heading, title, and start of the article, all lines should be double spaced.

MLA Font and Font Size

It is appropriate to use an easy-to-read font type in an MLA document. Many source styles, such as books and posts, use easy-to-read fonts, so look to other sources for inspiration if you’re looking for a suitable font style. Arial and Times New Roman are two of the most widely used fonts.

The reader needs to be able to tell the difference between italicized and standard font, so if you choose a font style other than Arial or Times New Roman, make sure the distinction between the two is clear.

The MLA heading is as follows;

  • Your full name (Student’s Name)
  • Your instructor’s name (Professor’s Name)
  • Class Name and Number
  • The Assignment’s Due Date

There should be a double-space between each of the above items. Additionally, the above items should be written at the top left of the document.

The MLA heading should not be italicized or in bold.

Running Head and Page Number

A running head is a short heading that appears in the top right corner of each page in a project. According to the Modern Language Association Style Center (online), the running head consists of:

  1. The writer’s Surname
  2. Page Number


Quotations in MLA

Quotes are used in assignments to help defend an argument, prove a point, emphasize a point, or simply to make a project more interesting.

Additionally, they do not take up the bulk of the space in your document or task. Quotes should be used sparingly in the document. Use direct quotes from other sources to supplement and draw on your writing and ideas.

Also, quoted words belong to the person who spoke or wrote them, so it is critical to credit the person’s work. Offer him or her credit by including an “in-text citation” in the body of the project.


Text or speech from another source is incorporated into a project, but the writer chooses to summarize it and incorporate his or her writing and writing style.

Even if the writer modifies information from another source, the source must still be properly credited. The format of the referenced information is the same as stated in the section directly above this one.

Use of Images, Diagrams, and Charts

Photographs, data sets, charts, graphs, and other images are used in projects or articles to facilitate or assist comprehension. Furthermore, they have compelling visuals for the reader. If the diagram or visual image does not improve the content of the paper, it should not be included in the project.

Tables and diagrams should be put as close to the text as possible.

MLA Works Cited

  • The citations list should be the very last page of a research project or essay.
  • The running head and the page number should be at the top of the page.
  • All entries in the MLA format citation should be arranged alphabetically by the first item.
  • The page should be double spaced throughout.






How to Write a Philosophy Term Paper

How to Write a Philosophy Term Paper

A Philosophy term paper is often described as an investigation into important issues for all of humanity – justice, sense, truth, fact, mind, and understanding – which philosophy investigates logically, explicitly, and thoroughly. The philosophical inquiry established in western philosophy as a verbal exercise, taking the form of a dialogue (Socrates) or in written form (Aristotle, Plato, and plenty of philosophers who followed them). The main aim of any philosophical inquiry, in any type, is to develop a thesis and convince the audience to accept the thesis through rational, truthful, and detailed argumentation.

Philosophical writing, in contrast to other fields of research, is argumentative writing. Philosophy term papers do more than just report evidence, illustrate theories, or share the author’s beliefs. Philosophers study and practice philosophy by delving into particular philosophical topics or problems. Their writings usually deal with the following topics:

  • investigate the existence of an issue or problem.
  • Propose a solution or point of view on the problem.
  • Arguing in favor of the point of view or solution.

Often the purpose of a philosophy term paper is to establish and defend a point of view on a topic or theory. Philosophical writings can also provide a critique of another philosopher’s point of view or a critique of opposing points of view when defending the author’s preferred point of view.

Difference Between A Negative Philosophy and a Positive Philosophy Term Paper

A good philosophical argument should take the reader through undeniable logical steps from obviously true premises to an unexpected conclusion. A negative argument is an objection that attempts to prove that a point, theory, or argument is incorrect; if it succeeds, we say it refutes it. A positive argument attempts to justify a proposition or principle, such as the belief in genuine free will. Positive philosophical arguments about ideal Big Questions are incredibly difficult to create, and philosophers interested in formulating or opposing such arguments typically end up addressing other issues that might seem pedantic or contrived at first.

Written assignments in philosophy courses are designed to get students doing philosophy, so they are required to write philosophical essays and term papers. They are not the same as academic papers needed in other schools. Your task is not simply to conduct research and provide an opinion on the topic; you must also develop and argue for your viewpoints on various important issues. Your goal is to persuade your audience that your ideas are correct and to persuade your readers that your point of view is correct. As a consequence, your philosophy term paper aims to provide a well-structured, persuasive defense of your position on a specific problem or to critically test a philosophical theory.

Choosing your Philosophy Term Paper Topic

If your professor has not assigned a subject for your term paper, you must select one on your own. The easiest way is to write about what you are interested in so that you can appreciate the writing process. Make sure the subject is both wide enough to write about and small enough to navigate.

For philosophy journals, there are two kinds of subjects: problem-focused topics and text-focused topics.

  • Topics centered on an issue. These are about a certain philosophical topic or dilemma without referring to a specific philosopher’s text.
  • Topics for research papers that rely on text. They are concerned with examining the writings of a single philosopher on a specific subject.

The distinction between these two categories of topics is insignificant since each philosopher’s text is dedicated to a specific philosophical problem or issue, and almost all philosophical issues have already been written about by philosophers. When writing on text-focused subjects, think about them as philosophers’ efforts to answer particular metaphysical questions or problems. You will need to engage in philosophy with other thinkers to consider the relevant topics.

As for problem-focused topics, you can use texts of different philosophers when you explore these topics. Of course, this approach is not obligatory but it may be helpful, especially, for beginners because texts can help you stay focused while you respond to the question.

Philosophy term paper

Philosophy term paper


Ideas and Topics for Your Philosophy Term Papers

A Balance between Peace and Conflict

The issue of peace and war is important to investigate because it has a determining role in the new international system. This topic should examine the major works on the subject of peace and conflict, including philosophers’ ideas and the official roles of developed countries and international organizations. The study paper should provide a thorough description of the subject as well as a definition of its functional use in current theories.

Contemporary Moral Theory

Morality is known as a core concept in many philosophies. Because of varying social contexts, modern attitudes to the concept of moral and morality differ from conventional ideas. The philosophy research paper should include a description of morality, a definition of previous ideas on the subject, and a review of past and present moral ideas.

Are Wars Justifiable?

Various philosophers investigated the issue of war justification and it can have a profound effect on international disputes. A scholarly paper could explain the concept of war justification and how various thinkers viewed it. Furthermore, it is possible to create an imaginary scenario with full war rationale and how it will affect the actual situation.

Postmodernism and Philosophy

Postmodernism is an era in which many new developments were introduced into different philosophies and ideas. This time has had an impact on philosophy, resulting in the development of new theories about life, humanity, environment, thoughts, and emotions. The study paper should include a description of postmodernism as a metaphysical age, an overview of how a philosophical thought evolved, and a comparison of the current theory to previous theories.

The Definition of Life After Death

Various thinkers of various eras considered this term. People tried to figure out what happened to them after death and created several metaphysical ideas about it. Both of these topics should be explored in the study paper, and they should be compared to current theories on the topic. Furthermore, both hypotheses should be analyzed to discover clear correlations and distinctions.

The Nature of Life

This subject is fascinating because it is at the heart of the great philosophical theories of antiquity. Various thinkers attempted to understand the meaning of human life, its intent, and its place on the world. The philosophical study paper should provide an accurate description of different hypotheses and points of view, as well as a comparison of these views.

Religion as a Concept

Various thinkers and theories have directly addressed the issue of belief. The paper can be focused on the core concepts concerning religion’s position in human lives, and it can be regarded as the basic collection of beliefs for humans. Furthermore, a comparison of these theories and an overview of how these ideas affected contemporary attitudes toward religion are possible.

Beauty Standards Are an Issue

This is an intriguing subject to examine since people often debate the issue of beauty ideals, and this issue is continually evolving. The most important aspect of such an article is demonstrating that beauty ideals are a highly relative construct that cannot be seen as the foundation for contemporary social interactions. The study paper should contain a variety of hypotheses on beauty standards and how they were presented in the major theories.

The Concept of People’s Duties.

Philosophers believe that people have unique roles and responsibilities to their family, institutions, and culture as a whole. The philosophical study paper should begin with a description of what an obligation is and how different philosophers view it. Furthermore, the duty can be seen as a state’s contribution on the international stage.

Deconstruction Theory

This concept was introduced by Jacques Derrida and is related to the comprehension of language and text. The problem is that people view different texts differently and interpret the text differently based on the meaning. The philosophy study paper should contain an interpretation of the hypothesis, a criticism of it, and a review of its effect on subsequent theories.

Steps in Structuring a Philosophy Term Paper

Begin by Formulating a Precise Thesis

In your introduction, state your thesis plainly and concisely so that your reader knows what your paper aims to accomplish. Get to the argument as soon as possible and without digression. Do not, for example, want to introduce the case into a grand historical narrative.

Define the Technical Terms used in your Thesis

You will need to describe any unique or ambiguous words that exist in your study or the topic at hand with your reader. Write in such a way that you can be heard by a student who has taken other philosophy lessons but not this one. Consider this fictitious reader if you need to determine how much to say to start a dialogue or assess the general clarity of your work.

Motivate the Thesis if Necessary

It is necessary to motivate your thesis, especially in long philosophy term papers. It acts as a guide to the reader on the way that you want the reader to perceive your work.

Explain how you Would Argue in Favor of your Thesis Statement

It is important to have your readers locked in on your side of the argument from the word go.

Explain the Argument you are Criticizing

If your task requires you to criticize someone else’s reasoning, you must first justify the argument before delivering your critique of it. Often the whole purpose of an assignment is to justify someone else’s point rather than to argue for your thesis. It also means you can clarify the case in your terms, based on the interpretation of the measures involved. It is necessary that you do not attempt and please your reader by summarizing anything in a specific article or anything you’ve heard about the topic: instead, stick to describing just the specifics that are important to the author’s claim.

for the same thesis, as well as your reasoning for your thesis Often, make it a point to explicitly show that you are speaking in your language and when you are elaborating on someone else’s statement or point of view but are not endorsing it yourself.

Make an Argument to Support your Thesis

This would be the primary subject of your article. To make the best possible argument, do not miss any steps and avoid basing your argument on any premises that your reader might be unable to consider. If you use an argument that your reader can find questionable. So, you must attempt to have compelling arguments for the reader to believe. It is almost certainly more powerful to use a single argument to make it as convincing as possible than to use multiple weaker arguments.

Anticipate Answers and Answer them

Many philosophy assignments would require you to include this as part of your paper; it serves to justify your key point and makes it more convincing. When presenting an objection, you must still have a justification or motives for believing it to be true; simply denying a thesis is not an objection to it.


You can still pose and respond to the most powerful objections you can think of, rather than dreaming up unconvincing objections that are easier to answer. If you can’t think of a definitive response to an objection, accept it and then give the reader a reason to believe the objection won’t work anyway. Often an assignment will require you to come up with one or two challenges to your research and argue against them. Except for the shortest assignments of three double-spaced pages or fewer, you should assume such a condition to be tacit even though it is not specified.



An appeal for proof for an assertion from your philosophy teacher is typically a request for an argument or a stronger argument. Although philosophers may use statistical generalizations or findings from time to time, they usually avoid the messy and detailed business of gathering and debating about observational evidence, and instead confine their inquiries to their armchairs. This is a broad generalization; scientific data from psychology, physics, and other fields of research may also be helpful in metaphysical claims.  But, if you can take such data from somewhere, don’t just presume that it answers your philosophical question: explain why it’s important and what we should infer from it, and make sure you correctly report what the scientists have to say.

Tips for Writing a Good Philosophy Term Paper

There is need to do extensive research since philosophical questions are complicated. That is why you should begin as soon as possible.

  • You should first prepare your paper and make rough sketches of ideas related to your subject. Freewriting is an excellent tool for helping you see things through.
  • Then, create a concise overview to help you when you compose your term paper. In a short form, the summary should contain your thesis and statement. You should also have future complaints and the answers to them.
  • Also, you would almost definitely need to revise particular points in your statement or even the whole answer when you compose your outline. You should make as many changes as you need to be confident that the point is clear and that the outline of your paper is complete.
  • The following move is to write your first full draft of your thesis. You should concentrate on the reasoning and consistency of the point.
  • When you finish your first draft, you can rewrite it several times, bearing in mind the logic, rhythm, and precise word choices.
  • You should either read the draft aloud or make someone else read it to give input.

Additional Tips

  • Your final draft should make a clear statement you can think of.
  •  You must revise the paper to correct syntax, pronunciation, and punctuation errors. You can read the draft backward to catch potential errors. Also, you can enlist the assistance of friends and family members to proofread the final draft.
  • Check all of your quotations and paraphrases. This is to ensure that they are correctly cited under the citation form defined by your professor. Usually, philosophers format their articles in MLA.

Advice from Our Experts

  • Maintain your focus on your mission. Be certain that all arguments of your case are pertinent to the issue and to defend your stance. Delete all sentences that do not progress your point.
  • Use straightforward writing. Keep the sentences and paragraphs short and use plain, common phrases.
  • Long introductions are dull and pointless for well-informed readers, so avoid writing them. Make your introduction as brief as possible and proceed directly to your subject.
  • Don’t depend on paraphrases or quotes too heavily. Use quotations only when they are necessary, and keep the paraphrases to a minimum. Your suggestions interest the teacher.
  • Do not appeal to the authority. Don’t deny that the argument is valid because someone of considerable authority said so. Don’t consult a dictionary, just stay away from research when scientific studies aren’t definitive on philosophical issues.
  • Avoid Emotional appeals.  Do not express your emotions to your audience. You must justify and affirm your ideas and offer explanations for your beliefs.

Things to Avoid in Writing your Philosophical Term Paper

Introductions that are so lengthy.

These are needless and of little concern to the intelligent reader. There is no need to stress how important your subject is. Also, how it has piqued the attention of philosophers for hundreds of years. Minimize your introductions. I suggest that you consider your philosophy term paper to have no introduction at all. Go straight to your topic.

Long quotes.

Inexperienced authors overuse quotes and paraphrases. The direct quote can be used only where it is necessary to determine another writer’s exact word choice. It is, after all, your file. Your teacher is concerned about your feelings. Keep this in mind, particularly if your essay subject needs you to evaluate someone else’s point of view.

Being Wavering.

Do not present a multitude of views in your paper and then assume that you are not able to address the problem. Do not conclude by stating that scholars were split on this topic. However, it is important to take a firm stance depending on the assessment on the argument(s) raised. Go out on a limb. It will back you up if you have argued well.

Being Cute.

Good metaphysical writing typically exudes a sense of basic integrity. Your topic is no laughing matter. There are no fools among the authors whose opinions you are asked to read. (If you believe they are, you have not comprehended them.) Name-calling is unacceptable and will never replace thoughtful argumentation.

Putting the issue out there.

You are accused of begging the question or circular logic on a given topic if you somehow presuppose the validity of anything you are seeking to explain when fighting about it.

When reasoning against other points of view, it is important to remember that simply saying that your critics’ final assumptions are incorrect would not prove your point. It would also not suffice to assert that at least one of their claims is false. You must explain these types of items in a way that does not imply that your position is right.












How to Write a Dissertation Paper

How to Write a Dissertation Paper

A dissertation paper is written for the final project presented before the completion of student’s doctoral degree. The assignment’s form is very similar, although the Ph.D. project is far more severe; it does not matter whether it’s an undergraduate or a Ph.D. dissertation.

Why do Students Writing a Dissertation Paper Consider it Difficult?

Dissertation paper

Dissertation paper

Most of the candidates are often enthusiastic, but they may be despaired by the intimidating project. The planning, research, and writing processes will be your longest and most complex challenge. The final result will be advantageous, but you may have to face several barriers. These are some of the most common problems when students write their theses:

  • Procrastination. You think the project will take plenty of time and continue to delay the start. It is an enormous problem as the deadline’s approach usually stresses these students. Procrastination is one of the first signs that university writing assistance is needed.
  • Preliminary research. Students with little academic writing experience think that just a few relevant resources must be collected and relevant quotations drawn from them. It is a long way from the truth. You must thoroughly analyze and discuss these materials in the paper.
  • Poor writing skills. The thesis paper must comply with strict academic rules.

Guidelines of Writing a Dissertation Paper

Step 1: Writing a Dissertation Paper Proposal

For the final thesis project, a dissertation paper proposal is intended to convince the committee members to commit themselves to a valuable, interested, and complex issue. This paper is a shorter paper than the final dissertation, but it is also essential because you think about a significant problem and plan to collect and write the essay. Although the proposal is not obligatory in your school, you still should write it and talk to your mentor about things.

Structure of a Dissertation Proposal

Your proposal must have a smooth and easy-to-follow format to write a good dissertation paper. The following are the points to be included in the proposal:

Dissertation title

 Objectives– Target up to three objectives. If you are too extensive at this point, your plan will seem to have no focus, so you need to narrow it down.

Literature – Ask your mentor if specific references should be listed in this section. If this is not the case, you need to mention the fields of study, thought schools, and other information sources you will use during the study stage.

Research – This is the main section where your research question’s ideas will be developed. The field of research should be clearly outlined.

Methods – The dissertation project may be non-empirical (where the resources come from projects previously published) or empirical (if you collect data through questionnaires or other methods). The methods of data collection must be explained in this section.

Possible results – Where do you think the research and analysis will end after all? Explain the results which you expect.

Timeframe – Create a schedule to explain how your thesis writing phases are handled within a specific timeframe.

Reference list: Please ask your mentor if this part is to be included, and he will give you the instructions.

Step 2: Conduct an Extensive Research

The dissertation research phase will determine your overall project development. It must be methodical and practical, as you won’t waste your time reading and analyzing irrelevant resources. Here are some tips for you to get through:

Have a specific timeframe

It’s important to find sufficient resources to understand the phenomenon in which you are concerned, but at some point, you have to stop researching.

Many students fall into a trap: they think they need to read everything they’re going to do about the dissertation question. How long are you planning to spend in research? Make a schedule and stick to it. The research shows that you have read the subject, understand the previous research, and understand its limitations.

Search for your sources in the right place

In the research stage, the Internet is a good starting point. However, you must realize that all you read is not true on the Internet. Double-check your findings and make sure they come from a confidence-built resource. When identifying reliable academic sources, use Google Scholar. It is important to note that Wikipedia is not a reliable source, but if you check the reference list on the pages you wish, it can lead you to some great publishing.

At this point in project development, librarians are helpful. Do not avoid the library itself and ask the librarian to submit some exciting publications to you.

Organize your resources

It would help if you took notes. Otherwise, you will not find out where a significant argument you intend to use is located. Use Evernote, Penzu, or another online tool to write notes and reference sources on your impressions.

Step 3: Write your Dissertation Paper

Surprisingly, many students have some confidence during the last two stages, but when they realize that they don’t know how to write a dissertation, they. Remember: up to this point, you have done a great job already, so you need to continue. When you have a plan, it’s all easier.


  • Write an Outline

You have the thesis proposal, a preliminary overview of the thesis. However, it would help if you still had a more detailed outline for the large project. Were you led in an unforeseen direction by the research stage?

Dissertation Paper’s Outline

Title Page

Your dissertation title, name, department, institution, degree program, and presentation date are contained on your first page. Sometimes your student number, your supervisor’s name, and the university logo are included. Many programs must format the title page of the dissertation.

The title page is often used to cover your dissertation when printing and binding.


The acknowledgment section is usually optional and allows you to thank all those who have helped you write your Ph.D. This could include your supervisors, research participants, friends, or families supporting you.


The abstract is a short, usually 150-300 words long summary of your dissertation. When you have completed the rest of the dissertation, you should write it at the very end.  In the abstract, make sure to:

  • Describe the main themes and objectives of your research
  • Resume the main findings
  • State your findings

While the abstract is concise, it’s the first part of your dissertation (and sometimes the only one) that people will learn.

Table of Contents

List all your chapters, subheadings, and page numbers in the table of contents. The dissertation’s content page gives the reader an overview of your structure and facilitates navigation of the paper.

Included in the table of content are the appendices to all parts of your dissertation. In Word, you can automatically generate a table of contents.


In the introduction, you will set the theme, purpose, and relevance of your dissertation and tell the reader what to expect in the remaining dissertation. The introduction should;


  • Set your research subject, providing information to put your work into context
  • Reduce concentration and define the research scope
  • Discuss the current state of research on the matter and show the relevance of your work to a wider issue or debate
  • State your goals and research questions and how you will reply
  • Overview of the structure of your thesis

Theoretical Framework

It would be best if you had carried out a literature review to gain a thorough understanding of the academic work already on your topic before beginning your research. That is;

  • Collecting and selecting the sources most relevant (e.g., books and journals)
  • Evaluate and analyze every source critically
  • Drawing links between them (e.g., subjects, patterns, conflicts, gaps)
  • In the chapter or section of the dissertation literature review, it is necessary to summarize existing studies and develop a coherent structure and argument that provides a clear basis for your research. It could show, for example, how your research is doing;
    Addresses a literature gap
  • Takes a new methodological or theoretical view of the subject
  • Proposes an unresolved problem solution
  • Foster a theoretical discussion
  • Builds on existing information with new data and strengthens it

Literature reviews are the foundation of a theoretical framework where the fundamental theories, concepts, and models that shape your research are defined and analyzed. In this section, the relationship between concepts or variables can be answered in the description.


The methodology chapter describes how the study has been done and how it is valid for the reader. In general, you should include:

  • Type of research and approach (e.g., qualitative, quantitative, experimental, ethnographic)
  • Data gathering methods (e.g., interviews, surveys, archives)
  • Details about where and when the research was conducted
  • Data analysis methods (e.g., statistical analysis, discourse analysis)
  • Instruments and materials used (e.g., computer programs, lab equipment)
  • a discussion of any obstacles that have been faced and how you have overcome the research
  • An assessment or rationale for your methods


This section is structured into sub-questions, assumptions, or topics. Report only results relevant to your goals and research issues. The results section is strictly separate from the discussion in some disciplines, whereas the two are combined in others.

For example, the presentation of data for qualitative methods such as in-depth interviews is often intertwined with discussion and analysis, and results should be presented separately in quantitative and experimental investigations before you discuss their significance.

Tables, graphs, and charts can often be used in the results section. Consider how to provide your information best, and do not include tables and figures which repeat what you wrote – they should provide further details or view the results in a way that adds value to your text.


The discussion is where you discuss your research findings’ significance and implications. You should read the results in detail here, discuss whether they fulfill your expectations and how well they fit the framework you established in earlier chapters. The debate should refer to other scientific research to show how your findings fit with existing knowledge. You can also recommend future research or practical measures.


To give the reader a clear understanding of your central argument, the dissertation’s conclusion should answer the main research question. Also, take a final look at what you did and how you did it in your dissertation. The conclusion also often includes research or practice recommendations.

The conclusion section shows how your findings contribute to field knowledge and why your research matters. What did you add to what you knew already?


You should include all sources you cited in a reference list in full detail (sometimes called works cited list or bibliography). It is important to follow a consistent style of reference. Each style has specific strict conditions on how your sources can be formatted in the reference list.

The most common styles of referencing used in UK universities are Harvard reference and Vancouver. You will often indicate which reference style to use in your department – for example, psychology pupils tend to use the APA style, science pupils often use MHRA, and law students always use OSCOLA. Check the requirements and see to it that your supervisor is uncertain.


Your dissertation should contain only essential information that directly answers your research question. As appendices, documents you use that do not fit your doctoral thesis’s main body (such as transcripts for interviews, survey questions, or table with total figures).

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How to Write a Reaction Paper

How to Write a Reaction Paper

What is a Reaction Paper?

A reaction paper is a written task in which the writer expresses his or her view of a certain workpiece done by another writer. A brief description of the work should be included in the article, but the primary emphasis should be on the opinions, emotions, and rationalizations about the topics covered in the original document. This necessitates your review of the given job, accompanied by a robust, well-thought-out response backed up by outside sources, if necessary. A reaction paper is different than the 8 common types of essays

Your reaction paper should consist of four main parts. Namely;

  1. Introduction
  2. Body
  3. Conclusion
  4. References, citations, and sources
Reaction paper

Reaction paper


The introduction to your paper aims at setting out your ideas and pique your readers’ attention. Name the author and the work you respond to, elucidating the main subject on what you will explore. This section should be three or four sentences long, with your thesis statement at the end. Since you’ll be referencing your thesis argument many times in your article, keep it short.

The steps for structuring and writing a Reaction paper are listed below.

Read the work carefully and critically.

It’s essential that you know why you’re writing and what you’re responding to. Depending on the form, you can find yourself going back to read or reread to ensure that you fully comprehend what is being presented to you. Take notes on any pieces that you find particularly interesting so that you can conveniently come back to them later.

Formulate a conclusion argument

Go over your notes again to get a sense of your overall point of view. This will assist you in forming the central concept that you will thoroughly establish in your response. Create a thesis point that is simple and succinct, preferably in a single phrase.


Make a rough sketch for your article

Start constructing the basis for your claims using your notes once more. When you follow an outline, fleshing out these ideas while writing your reaction will be much easier and more organized.


Make a rough draft

Make the first draft of your work using your outline. This will be rough, but it should give you a good idea of how the final product will look. Writing your introduction last is a good idea. It is not easy to finish a paper only to discover that you’ve strayed from your study a few pages earlier. After finishing the essay, returning to it helps you make any necessary changes to the way you stated your thesis.

Polish the paper

You may have to go through two, three, or even four drafts before the final finished piece is available. Focus on one key thing you’re editing about and run through the document during editing. The first pass, for example, could concentrate on the pronunciation, grammar, and punctuation. The next step may be to look at how ideas are organized and so on. You’ll make as many passes as necessary to get the exact look you want.

Writing the Reaction paper

Step 1. Introduction and Summary

The first section of your paper will include a brief, objective description of the job to which you’re responding. It should contain the author’s name, the piece’s title, and the date of publication. The summary should consist of a highlight reel of the critical points and a condensed clarification of the primary supporting elements.

You should feel free to use direct quotes to express ideas that are particularly central to your response. It’s pointless to go into depth on any one point or to add any subjective views at this point. That will be addressed later.

Step 2. Your Thoughts and Opinions

The second section of the paper is where you share your thoughts on the work’s main topics, backed up by credible references. Circle back to the same section of the original piece at each point in the reaction. This is the most critical part of the paper: the study. Your responses can address a query about how the work relates to real-life circumstances in society; they can express how the original work changed or solidified your view on the matter or articulate how the original work evoked feelings in you you read/watched it.

The consistency, organization, value, and completeness of the work can be discussed in your assessment. This is where you’ll express your opinion about whether or not you’d suggest this job to others, as well as the reasoning for your decision. Your findings should be brief and restate your argument as well as the key points that emerged as you wrote. Finally, according to the writing style you’re using, the quoted references should be identified (MLA, APA).

Essential Tips

  • Follow the basic paper writing pattern, with each significant paragraph addressing a single key concept. The first paragraph, for example, outlines the work, followed by three or four paragraphs that explain and endorse different reactions to the work. A brief conclusion should be included in the final paragraph. Each paragraph can flow into the next without interruption.
  • Ensure to back up your arguments and viewpoints with concrete examples.
  • Ensure everything is in order. Proofread the work once more. You can have someone proofread your work. One last time, go over it with a fine-toothed comb.
  • It’s good to use quotes from the initial job to back up your claims, but don’t rely on them excessively.
  • Let your point of view known. The aim of a reaction paper is for you to express yourself in your own words and feelings. Feel free to express yourself thoughtfully and well-structured.
  • To keep your readers’ focus, remember to back up your criticisms with facts and illustrations.
  • When writing and editing, make sure you follow the fundamental rules of good writing (unity, coherence, supporting evidence, and straightforward, succinct sentences).