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difference-mainstreaming and inclusion

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II- Essay Questions(10 points)


Directions: Please address every aspect of the question and give details and examples to support your answers. Use your own words when answering these questions. If you use an author’s exact words, you need to use quotes and give page numbers. Attach a reference list of at least two different sources in addition to the textbook in APA style at the end of your answers to each question. Your answers to these questions may be gathered from a number of sources, including the textbook, my possible answers to the weekly discussion questions, the chats, and the sources listed in my possible answers and in the syllabus. Please go beyond the textbook for your answers to these questions. Please do and turn in your own work.


a. What is the difference between mainstreaming and inclusion? Is the least restrictive environment (LRE) always the regular education classroom? What is the philosophy of including students with disabilities in general education classrooms? What are the advantages and disadvantages of inclusion? How could inclusion be implemented in your school or in a school that does not have inclusion? What must the school administrator do to promote the inclusion of children with disabilities in this school? Give details, examples, and sources to support your arguments. (3 points)


b. Do most students who are identified as having learning disabilities have a true disability, or are they just low achievers or victims of poor instruction? How can you distinguish between a child who has a learning disability and a child who is behind academically because of poor schooling? Would both of them qualify for special education services? Would you use the same approach in educating these two students? Give details, examples, and sources to support your arguments. (3 points)


c. Why do students who are gifted need special education? After all, these children are bright enough that they can learn on their own. Should these students be educated with the same-age peers or with older students who share the same intellectual and academic talents and interests? Describe the enrichment and acceleration models and the advantages and disadvantages of each model. Which placement would you prefer for your own gifted child and why? Give details, examples, and sources to support your arguments.

(2 points)


d. How can special education programs for children with disabilities prepare them for successful transition to post-secondary education or to the world of work? Who decides on the future of these young men and women? When do you stop pushing them through the general school curriculum and start putting more emphasis on their functional skills and job-related skills? What jobs and services are available in your community to help young adults with disabilities become productive members of society? Give details, examples, and sources to support your arguments. (2 points)




Multiple Choice Questions


(10 points)





Please underline the



answer. Each


question is worth

one point.





When a person’s ability to function independently is limited only by his/her

environment, this is referred to as a(n):





















Under which disability category are most students receiving


special education





speech and language impairments




mental retardation




physical disability





learning disability