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effects of pollution impacts

  • Ocean Endangered: How to Promote the Conservation of The Marine Environment Whilst Creating Value?

     

    Table of Contents Foreword 3 Literature review 3 A. Sustainable Fishing 5 Executive Summary 6 A. Introduction 6 B. Background 6 C. Research problem 7 C.1. Commercial fishing 7 C.2. Bycatch 8 C.3. Overcapacity 9 C.4. Control 9 C.5. Fish Farm / Aquaculture 9 C.6. Economic factor 10 D. Research Objectives 10 E. Research Hypothesis 11 Methodology 11 A. Sample Size 12 A.1. Survey Questions 13 B. Data analysis 13 C. Results 16 D. Discussion 19 Solutions 22 A. EAFM – Ecosystem Approach to Fishery Management 22 B. aquaculture. 24 IMTA – Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture 24 C.1. Business Description 25 C.2. Market and Competitive Analysis 26 C.3. Operational Structure 26 C.4. Product Description and Benefits 27 C.5. Raise Capital 27 C.6. Financial Analysis and Projections 28 Conclusion 28 Recommendation 29 References 31 Appendix 36

    Literature review

     

    As far as pollution issues continue to occur globally, oceans and seas will progress in experiencing the most significant pressure and effects of pollution impacts. The long-lasting conflict between human beings and wildlife has enhanced pollution surge affecting marine life. It became essential for the current generation to create sustainable measures to control and mitigate marine life from increased pollution. Sustainability has remained a global focus on curbing the pressure of global warming effects due to greenhouse gases with less effort. Sustainable fishing needs to be enhanced to provide the safety of fisheries and other aquatic life. Developing models or methods to ensure control of all fisheries activities can promote enough fish for long periods in the ocean without endangering some species that have already led to distinct of them. Due to this, analyzing and developing a sustainable fishing model that fisheries can observe is vital in reducing the increased endangering conflict of humans and wildlife.

     

    Today, marine life is more threatened as compared to few decades ago. For instance, a study conducted by the World Wildlife Fund revealed that more than 100 million marine animals are killed by plastic wastes every year. In addition, around 100,000 marine animals die from being entangled in plastic wastes yearly. Similarly, almost 8 million tons of plastic is released into oceans in different parts of the world every year (Yanik and Aslan, 2018). According to the projects by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), almost 50% of marine species in the world may become extinct if there aren’t any effective and necessary measures put in place to make sure that the threats facing marine life are eradicated (Bermudez and Lindemann-Matthies, 2020). Marine life endangers is being one of the major aspects to consider by the fishing industry. Hence several studies have been conducted in order to find the possible solutions that can help to reduce marine uncertainties. Along with this, ensuring the profitability and growth of the industry is also important. The main objective to conduct the study is to focus on the role of big fishing practices on marine life. The study has been conducted with the help of qualitative research methodology. According to the research, it has been identified that the United Nation’s stability department goals play a significant role to ensure stability and eco-friendly business implications to ensure the protection of marine sources. Along with this, the results of the study mentioned that how the fishing industry can utilize the potential opportunities to harvest fishing to protect marine life. It has been stated that fishing industries must eliminate the implementation of some particular fishing practices that are being the cause of marine life danger (Haas, Fleming, Haward, & McGee, 2019).

    The understanding of sustainability is very important for the fishing industry. The study has been conducted to analyze the impact of the fishing industry and factors of sustainability. The study has been conducted with the help of primary research methodology through which the factors have been identified that how the fishing industry can ensure sustainability. The final outcomes of the study argued that with the implementation of environmentally sustainable practices in the fishing business, the fishing industry will be able to ensure the protection of marine life and higher profitability (Veenstra, Stoop, & Hopman, 2018).

    As solution, an Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture will be proposed: multiple species from different trophic levels are farmed in an integrated way. It reduces the water, improves the efficiency and helps the bioremediation. In other words, each organism helps each other on a given area. For instance, the feed from the higher trophic level (generally the fish) will furnish waste such as feces or uneaten food to the feed at the lowest level (plants or even invertebrates). The fish farmer can then harvest the lowest trophic species and use it as it sees fit: it can be used as nutrient for fish or it can be turned it into an additional revenue.