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forms of ocean contamination

forms of ocean contamination

Write a draft on our section of the project that should be about two or three pages of text based on your assigned section of the paper. You should all have the same introductory paragraph and conclusions. The “body” paragraphs should be your part of the paper. You should have a reference page that lists your sources (or one big one that you all share). You should have in-text citations. The paper should be in APA format.

TOPIC :  Other forms of ocean contamination –  discuss the common ocean contamination such as pesticides, herbicides, chemical fertilizers, detergents, oil, sewage, plastics, and other solids and how OTEC ( Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion ) can cause such contamination or how these contaminants may limit the efficiency of OTEC ( Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion ) facilities.

Team Thesis and introduction:


“Environmental ethics is the discipline in philosophy that studies the moral relationship of human beings to, and also the value and moral status of, the environment and its non-human contents (Brennan & Lo, 2002)”.  Ethicists in the field have several goals; to challenge human-centered ways of thinking; to explore eco-feminism and social ecology; to integrate traditional philosophical models with current environmental issues; and to promote an ethical approach to the environment.

According to the US Energy information Administration, the world energy consumption is projected to grow by 28% from 2015 to 2040 (Today in Energy).  While fossil fuels are projected to still be a large source of energy for the world in 2040, sustainable energy is projected to become a larger portion of energy supply. As our society continues to grow along with the ever increasing needs of energy to support our various forms of technology, ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) is an emerging technology with great promise for providing long term sustainable and clean energy for coastal areas.

OTEC Description

OTEC is a relatively simple technology based on a similar principle to that of an air conditioning system, as seen in diagram below (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Technology).   A material with a low boiling material such as ammonia is selected and set up to circulate in a closed loop (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Technology).  The closed loop will consist of two heat exchangers, one for heating and the other for cooling (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Technology).  Warm ocean water from the surface is used to heat the ammonia, causing it to boil (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Technology).  The “steam” from the exchanger builds pressure, and is used to turn a turbine, generating electricity (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Technology).  The “steam” passes from the turbine and goes into a second exchanger, where cold water from the bottom of the ocean is used to cool the ammonia, causing  it to condense, and…..