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forms of organizational change thesis

General Introduction to Organization Development

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©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

CHAPTER

Define and describe the practice and study of organization development (OD).

Describe the history and relevance of OD.

Distinguish OD and planned change from other forms of organizational change.

 

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Burke’s Definition of OD

OD is a planned process of change in an organization’s culture through the utilization of behavioral science technology, research, and theory.

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French’s Definition of OD

OD refers to a long-range effort to improve an organization’s problem-solving capabilities and its ability to cope with changes in its external environment with the help of external or internal behavioral-scientist consultants.

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©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Beckhard’s Definition of OD

OD is an effort (1) planned, (2) organization-wide, and (3) managed from the top, to (4) increase organization effectiveness and health through (5) planned interventions in the organization’s “processes,” using behavioral science knowledge.

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Beer’s Definition of OD

OD is a system-wide process of data collection, diagnosis, action planning, intervention, and evaluation aimed at:

(1) Enhancing congruence between organizational structure, process, strategy, people, and culture

(2) Developing new and creative organizational solutions

(3) Developing the organization’s self-renewing capacity. It occurs through collaboration of organizational members working with a change agent using behavioral science theory, research, and technology

 

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Organization Development is…

a system-wide application and transfer of behavioral science knowledge to the planned development, improvement, and reinforcement of the strategies, structures, and processes that lead to organization effectiveness.

 

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©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Five Stems of OD Practice

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1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Today

Current Practice

Laboratory Training

Action Research/Survey Feedback

Normative Approaches

Quality of Work Life

Strategic Change

 

 

 

 

©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.