To write a good abstract, you need to study several sources on the topic, and draw valuable conclusions. From this set of efforts, high-quality scientific work will come out. How to write literature in an abstract, we will figure it out in the article.
How to write a list of references in an abstract
To write a good essay, you need to study many sources on the topic, draw valuable conclusions. From this set of efforts, high-quality scientific work will come out. How to write literature in an abstract, we will figure it out in the article.
Let’s not forget that a bibliography can give an abstract for an unsubscribed and show you are serious about research. An experienced instructor will immediately determine the quality of your talk after a glance at this section.
Sources are recommended to be drawn up following writing standards.
It takes a lot of time to compile the correct list. If you are not ready to pay enough attention to this, contact professional writers. To begin with – find out the cost of the work, write to us.
Making a list of references for the abstract
An appendix to the abstract in the form of a list of sources is an essential requirement, but its mere presence does not guarantee an excellent grade. A correctly compiled list increases the scientific value of the abstract.
The main requirements for a bibliographic list include the following aspects:
- Non-modern sources should occupy no more than 30% of the list. Otherwise, the literature should be dated to recent years;
- The sources are indicated in the text of the work under specific numbers in the form of footnotes. These numbers must correspond to their ordinal number in the bibliographic list;
- The main emphasis should be placed on articles in scientific journals and journals, and only then should the manuals and anthologies be indicated. Also, only authoritative sources and official statistics are entered;
- When the author refers to regulations and laws, he must indicate the latest version of them.
Ways to design a list of references
Besides, general recommendations for compiling a list of references in the abstract also offer options for sources in work. You can use the following:
- It is used when revealing a historical topic, focusing on the article’s publication or manual, and the periods under study.
- The bibliography is formatted following scientific areas: monographs with monographs, philosophical works with the same topics.
- If the sources are in different languages, then the list is compiled for each language in order.
- By type of documents. The list is drawn up following the kind of publications. In alphabetical order, sections must be followed: either by the name of the source or by the author’s name.
- By the order in which links appear. This option is ideal for small jobs, as in other cases, the list is too long and inconvenient. It can repeat the same source several times.
The final choice is always for the teacher, but it may be for the student in some cases. The main thing is that this choice met the requirements of the university.
The abstract is a small but scientific severe work; therefore, an irresponsible attitude towards it will only question your knowledge and zeal for learning.
Top 9 tips for designing a bibliography
Universities require correct formatting of bibliography, but few can do it the first time and without comments. It is important to remember the aspects of how to write down the used literature in the abstract:
- Legislative decrees, acts are indicated first, followed by printed publications, arranged in the correct order.
- The list is numbered with Arabic numerals, a full stop, space, and after that – an entry.
- Publications in foreign languages are assigned to a separate list. The surname of the author with initials follows first. If the books are by the same author, then use the titles in alphabetical order.
- A book without an author is located by the first letter of the title of the book.
- The title of the work is indicated without quotation marks.
- Abbreviations in the names of cities are allowed.
- If part of the book was used, the required page numbers are indicated.
- If the information was contained on a disc, then after the name is indicated “electronic resource” in square brackets, and after the year of release – CD-ROM.
- If a student accessed information from the Internet, then the date of access and the URL is indicated.