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Turkish Culture Case Study

Turkish Culture

Larry Purnell, PhD, RN, FAAN

 

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

1

 

Overview/Heritage

Türkiye, as it is written in Turkish, means “land of Turks.” Referred to as a geographic, religious, and cultural crossroads, the Republic of Türkiye is situated at the geographic intersection of Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa.

While Turks have emigrated throughout the world, many live in Western Europe, largely as a result of “guest worker” programs.

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

2

 

Overview/Heritage

Today, the Republic of Türkiye is politically stable and continues to adapt economically to reforms.

Türkiye remains strategically important to the West and is a strong ally of the United States.

The Turkish immigrant population in the US differs significantly from most of the Turkish population in Europe, both in terms of demographic makeup and socioeconomic status and integration.

 

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

3

 

Overview/Heritage

Over 202,000 people of Turkish descent live in the United States.

They live in 42 states, with over half living in New York, California, New Jersey, and Florida.

Just over half of the individuals in this group were born outside the United States.

Most arrived in the US before 1980.

 

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

4

 

Overview/Heritage

A high proportion of Turks in the United States come from the elite and upper-middle classes, interspersed with smaller groups of middle-class students and skilled laborers who are supported privately or by the government.

Many Turks sought advanced American education in highly technical fields, leading to more abundant employment opportunities in the United States upon completion of their studies.

 

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

5

 

Communication

 

A Uralic-Altaic language, Turkish is spoken by 90% of the population and has approximately 20 dialects.

Differences in some of the dialects are so great that they are considered different languages.

The Turkish alphabet is much like the English alphabet, although it does not have a “w” or an “x” and additional sounds are symbolized by an diacritical mark over vowels.

 

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company